You have been called to interpret for a visiting delegation from China. They are visiting the office of the Koala Conservation and Research Foundation. The director of the foundation is giving a speech about the protection of koala populations in Australia.
Listen to Speech
Transcript and reference translation
First of all I’d like to welcome you all to Australia. I hope you have a pleasant stay here. My name is Bob Casswell and I’ll be talking to you today about the state of koalas in our country and the challenges we face in protecting them from extinction.
Along with the kangaroo and emu, the koala is one of the iconic animals of Australia. Although it resembles a bear, it is actually a marsupial. Historically they lived all across Australia , but today they can no longer be found in Tasmania , Western Australia or the Northern Territory.
Koalas prefer to live in eucalyptus forests, coastal islands, and low woodlands. They consume eucalyptus leaves and bark from 12 different eucalyptus tree species. Koalas can sleep for up to 16 hours a day. They live exclusively in trees and prefer to be alone rather than in big groups.
考拉喜欢生活在桉树森林，海滨小岛以及低地树林里。它们吃12种不同的桉树上的树叶和树皮。考拉可以每天睡觉多达16 个小时，只在树上生活，它们喜欢独居, 而不喜欢群居。
Once numbering in the millions, there are now fewer than 100,000 koalas left in the wild. Koalas suffered major declines in population during the 1920s when they were hunted for their fur. Today, habitat destruction, traffic fatalities and attacks by dogs kill an estimated 4,000 koalas yearly.
Koala numbers around Australia vary significantly. While some populations are declining in some areas, there are large or even increasing populations in other areas. In fact, in some areas in Victoria and on Kangaroo Island , koalas are eating themselves out of suitable foraging habitat and their numbers need to be managed.
But the koala populations in Queensland , New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory are clearly in trouble, so much so that the Environment Minister Tony Burke has announced Australia ‘s most at-risk koala populations in these areas will be included on the national list of threatened species.
His decision to list the koala under national environment law follows a rigorous scientific assessment by the Threatened Species Scientific Committee which gathered information from a wide variety of experts over the past three years.
The Gillard Government has also committed $300,000 of new funding to find out more about koala habitats. The funding will be used to develop new survey methods that will gain insight into the quality of koala habitats and help gather data to better protect the species. The new funding is in addition to more than $3 million the government has invested since 2007 to ensure the resilience and sustainability of koala populations.
I’ve heard that there are some members of the delegation who are planning on migrating to Australia in the future, and some of you also have relatives who already live here. Keep in mind that many housing areas in Australia have actually been built in and around koala habitat. So I’d like to give you a few pieces of advice should you choose to live here.
Firstly, try planting more trees in your backyard. All trees give shelter from predators and adverse weather conditions. Ideally plant a koala food tree that is common in your immediate area. If you are unsure of what eucalypts grow in your area your local nursery or botanic gardens may be able to give you some advice.
Secondly, check with your local council before removing or lopping trees on your property. After permission is granted, check carefully for koalas before work commences.
Thirdly, when driving close to bushland or where koala signs are, be on the lookout for koalas wandering on the road. Koalas are particularly active during the breeding season from August to February. Being nocturnal, they tend to be more mobile from dusk to dawn.
Lastly, prevent your dog from roaming after dusk and keep it on a lead when walking. Dogs roaming freely in and near bushland areas are a significant threat to koalas. You may think your dog isn’t aggressive but even good-natured dogs can be unpredictable around wild animals.