120 Basic English Grammar Drills (120基础英语语法练习)

把这些简单的中文句子翻译成英语。

Translate these simple Chinese sentences into English.

不要在自己做翻译之前看参考答案!

Do not look at the reference answers until you’ve had a try yourself!

 

120基础英语语法练习

120 Basic English Grammar Drills

  1. 医院旁边有一家餐厅。
  2. 今天学校里面有很多人。
  3. 上海有2400万人口。
  4. 三分之二的学生是女孩。
  5. 我们去不去取决于天气情况。
  6. 有人在厕所里。
  7. 有人认为读书无用。
  8. 有时候青年人对老人不尊重。
  9. 他被一帮年轻人攻击了。
  10. 我有一个好消息要告诉你。
  11. 他有一个建议要告诉你。
  12. 还有三个证据没提交给法庭。
  13. 有三个任务还没完成。
  14. 他的很多作品我都没读过。
  15. 他跟一些韩国公司做生意。
  16. 他经营了三家企业。
  17. 这些家具不是我的,但有三件是我老板的。
  18. 这些衣服不是我的,但有一件是我姐姐的。
  19. 那些行李在哪里?我好像把一件行李落在酒店里。
  20. 你喜欢吃面包吗?我今天烤了一个面包,你把它切成片吧。
  21. 三只羊和五头牛突然不见了。
  22. 警方宣称三位警员已经辞职了。
  23. 你说世界那么大,其实宇宙更大。
  24. 别的学生在哪里?他们不在教室里。
  25. 英国女王当然去过泰晤士河。
  26. 保险柜的钥匙丢了。
  27. 大熊猫是中国特有的动物。
  28. 他们偶尔会一起去商店。
  29. 这完全是浪费钱。
  30. 贫富差距越来越大。
  31. 锻炼身体对年轻人和老年人都有好处。
  32. 他去过英国、荷兰和美国。
  33. 他正在读大学。
  34. 他不是哈弗大学毕业的,而是伦敦大学毕业的。
  35. 他住了两天院。
  36. 我不喜欢打篮球,我喜欢弹钢琴。
  37. 他因流感卧病在床十天了。
  38. 你吃过晚饭吗?我连午饭都没吃过。
  39. 冬天的时候这里天气特别冷。
  40. 你不能坐飞机去那,你只能坐火车或汽车。
  41. 开车到市区要开两个小时。
  42. 他说他18岁,但我发现他是一个30岁的男人。
  43. 这是昨天的报纸。
  44. 这个笔记本是我的,她的在那边。
  45. 你洗你的衣服,他们会洗他们的衣服。
  46. 他们从小就认识。
  47. 我们经常互相借衣服。
  48. 中国人口比世界上任何国家都多。
  49. 每个人都有秘密。
  50. 一切都是暂时的。
  51. 我有一件事情要告诉你。
  52. 我在某个地方见过你。
  53. 有人在敲门。——没有啊,没有人。
  54. 这两本书我都看过,但都不好看。
  55. 我们从朋友那里获得一些帮助。
  56. 我们从朋友那里获得很少帮助。
  57. 这支笔没墨水了,你给我一支新的吧。
  58. 这些笔,你挑出来你喜欢的那支。
  59. 这是谁的外套?——你是说这件外套吗?我不知道是谁的。
  60. 我弟弟个子跟我一样高。
  61. 我母亲比我父亲更爱说话。
  62. 天气变得越来越热了。
  63. 我等的越久,越生气。
  64. 你花的钱越多,质量越好。
  65. 太阳总是在东方升起。
  66. 我经常一个人走走路。
  67. 他通常晚上六点左右下班。
  68. 我很少要加班。
  69. 我们有时候在公园里野餐。
  70. 他们偶尔会一起去健身房。
  71. 这件事容易办。
  72. 这容易引起误会。
  73. 虽然雨很大,但是我还是会去上学。
  74. 妹妹不但长得可爱,而且心地善良。
  75. 他既不会读又不会写。
  76. 老板不在的时候,商店很忙。
  77. 商店很忙,然而其他店都很安静。
  78. 你要么洗碗,要么打扫你的房间。
  79. 你不同意他的意见,对吗?我也不同意。
  80. 他辞职了,因为他不能承受压力。
  81. 他因为压力而辞职了。
  82. 他死于癌症。
  83. 这本书讲的是古代中国。
  84. 我住在厦门,在中山路22号。
  85. 他很擅长物理学。
  86. 他的职业是医生。
  87. 他不能用筷子吃饭。
  88. 这把椅子是木制的,也是我父亲做的。
  89. 去年经济增长了一个百分点。
  90. 我写论文有些困难。
  91. 我为他做了很多。
  92. 我对他做的事情,感到很抱歉。
  93. 过去几年来,我们取得了不少成就。
  94. 这件皮夹克花了他200美元。
  95. 完成这项任务我们要用一周时间。
  96. 我们假期从明天开始。
  97. 我在收拾行李呢,明天要到北京去了。
  98. 他告诉我他不来了。
  99. 我认识他10年了。
  100. 我们等了快一个小时了,但老师一直没来。
  101. 他们找杀手找了一个星期多。
  102. 他们说他们不久就来。
  103. 那本书不是他写的。
  104. 目前还没有作出决定。
  105. 我如果有时间,肯定会陪你去博物馆。
  106. 我要是可以在两个星期之内学会弹钢琴,我就是天才了。
  107. 妈妈在这儿就好了。
  108. 我没有想到会那么容易。
  109. 地球是圆的是事实。
  110. 法国的首都是巴黎是常识。
  111. 很明显他怀孕。
  112. 他今天没来上班很奇怪。
  113. 他有可能在说谎。
  114. 他好像生病了。
  115. 据报道很多雇员会装病。
  116. 我在找一所我家附近的学校。
  117. 这是我看过的最好的一本书。
  118. 我上课迟到了,这让老师很生气。
  119. 我们在找一位新的老师,这可能让你感到很吃惊。
  120. 我们在找一位英文中文都会说的教师。

 

 

参考答案(关键部分有划线)

Reference answers (key parts underlined)

  1. 医院旁边有一家餐厅。There is a restaurant next to the hospital.
  2. 今天学校里面有很多人。There are many people in the school today.
  3. 上海有2400万人口。Shanghai has a population of 24 million.
  4. 三分之二的学生是女孩。Two-thirds of the students are girls.
  5. 我们去不去取决于天气情况。Whether we’ll go depends on the weather.
  6. 有人在厕所里。Someone is in the toilet.(或The toilet is occupied.)
  7. 有人认为读书无用。Some believe reading is a waste of time.(或There are those who believe that reading is a waste of time.)
  8. 有时候青年人对老人不尊重。Sometimes the youth are disrepectful towards the elderly.
  9. 他被一帮年轻人攻击了。He was attacked by a gang of youths.
  10. 我有一个好消息要告诉你。I have some good news for you.
  11. 他有一个建议要告诉你。He has a piece of advice for you.
  12. 还有三个证据没提交给法庭。There are three pieces of evidence that have not been submitted to the court.
  13. 有三个任务还没完成。There are three tasks that have not been completed yet.
  14. 他的很多作品我都没读过。There are many of his works that I have not read yet.(或I have not read many of his works.)
  15. 他跟一些韩国公司做生意。He does business with some Korean companies.
  16. 他经营了三家企业。He runs three businesses.(或He runs three enterprises.)
  17. 这些家具不是我的,但有三件是我老板的。This furniture is not mine, but three pieces belong to my boss.
  18. 这些衣服不是我的,但有一件是我姐姐的。This clothing is not mine, but one piece belongs to my older sister.
  19. 那些行李在哪里?我好像把一件行李落在酒店里。Where is that luggage? I think I left one item of luggage at the hotel.
  20. 你喜欢吃面包吗?我今天烤了一个面包,你把它切成片吧。Do you like bread? I baked a loaf. You can cut it into slices.
  21. 三只羊和五头牛突然不见了。Three sheep and five cattle have suddenly gone missing.(或Three sheep and five cows have suddenly gone missing.)
  22. 警方宣称三位警员已经辞职了。The police stated that the three police officers had resigned.
  23. 你说世界那么大,其实宇宙更大。You say the world is so big, but the universe is even bigger.
  24. 别的学生在哪里?他们不在教室里。Where are the other students? They are not in the classroom.
  25. 英国女王当然去过泰晤士河。Of course the Queen of England has been to the Thames.
  26. 保险柜的钥匙丢了。The key to the safe is lost.
  27. 大熊猫是中国特有的动物。The giant panda is native to China.
  28. 他们偶尔会一起去商店。They occasionally go to the shops
  29. 这完全是浪费钱。It is just a waste of money.
  30. 贫富差距越来越大。The gap between the rich and the poor is getting bigger.
  31. 锻炼身体对年轻人和老年人都有好处。Exercise is good for both the young and the old.
  32. 他去过英国、荷兰和美国。He has been to the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and the United States.
  33. 他正在读大学。He is at university.
  34. 他不是哈弗大学毕业的,而是伦敦大学毕业的。He did not graduate from Harvard University, but from the University of London.
  35. 他住了两天院。He was in hospital for two days.(或美语He was in the hospital for two days.)
  36. 我不喜欢打篮球,我喜欢弹钢琴。I don’t like to play basketball. I like to play the piano.
  37. 他因流感卧病在床十天了。He was in bed with the flu for ten days.
  38. 你吃过晚饭吗?我连午饭都没吃过。Have you had dinner? I haven’t even had lunch.
  39. 冬天的时候这里天气特别冷。The weather here is very cold during winter.
  40. 你不能坐飞机去那,你只能坐火车或汽车。You can’t get there by plane. You can only get there by train or bus.
  41. 开车到市区要开两个小时。It is a two-hour drive to the city.
  42. 他说他18岁,但我发现他是一个30岁的男人。He said he was eighteen years old, but I found out he is a 30-year-old man.
  43. 这是昨天的报纸。This is yesterday’s newpaper.
  44. 这个笔记本是我的,她的在那边。This notebook is mine. Hers is over there.
  45. 你洗你的衣服,他们会洗他们的衣服。You wash your clothes and they will wash theirs.
  46. 他们从小就认识。They have known each other since they were children.
  47. 我们经常互相借衣服。We often borrow each other’s clothing.
  48. 中国人口比世界上任何国家都多。China’s population is larger than that of any country in the world.
  49. 每个人都有秘密。Everybody has secrets.
  50. 一切都是暂时的。Everything is temporary.
  51. 我有一件事情要告诉你。I have something to tell you.
  52. 我在某个地方见过你。I have seen you somewhere before.
  53. 有人在敲门。——没有啊,没有人。There is someone knocking on the door. –- No there isn’t. There isn’t anyone there.
  54. 这两本书我都看过,但都不好看。I have read both books, but neither is very good.
  55. 我们从朋友那里获得一些帮助。We got a little help from our friends.
  56. 我们从朋友那里获得很少帮助。We got little help from our friends.
  57. 这支笔没墨水了,你给我一支新的吧。The pen is out of ink. Get me a new one.
  58. 这些笔,你挑出来你喜欢的那支。Here are some pens. Pick out the one you like.
  59. 这是谁的外套?——你是说这件外套吗?我不知道是谁的。Who owns this jacket? — You mean this jacket? I don’t know whose it is.
  60. 我弟弟个子跟我一样高。My younger brother is as tall as me.
  61. 我母亲比我父亲更爱说话。My mother is more talkative than my father.
  62. 天气变得越来越热了。The weather is getting warmer and warmer.(或The weather is getting increasingly warm.)
  63. 我等的越久,越生气。The longer I waited, the angrier I got.
  64. 你花的钱越多,质量越好。The more you pay, the better the quality is.
  65. 太阳总是在东方升起。The sun always rises in the east.
  66. 我经常一个人走走路。I often go for walks by myself.
  67. 他通常晚上六点左右下班。He usually finishes work around 6pm.
  68. 我很少要加班。I rarely have to work overtime.
  69. 我们有时候在公园里野餐。We sometimes have a picnic in the park.
  70. 他们偶尔会一起去健身房。They occasionally go to the gym together.
  71. 这件事容易办。This matter is easy to settle.
  72. 他的行为容易引起误会。His behaviour is likely to cause misunderstandings.
  73. 虽然雨很大,但是我还是会去上学。Although it is raining heavily, I will still go to school.
  74. 她长得不但可爱,而且心地善良。She is not only cute, but also kind-hearted.(或Not only is she cute, but kind-hearted as well.)
  75. 他既不会读又不会写。He can neither read nor write.
  76. 老板不在的时候,商店很忙。The shop was very busy while the boss was away.
  77. 商店很忙,然而其他店都很安静。The shop was very busy, while the other shops were quiet.(或The shop was very busy, whereas the other shops were quiet.)
  78. 你要么洗碗,要么打扫你的房间。Either you do the dishes, or you clean your room.
  79. 你不同意他的意见,对吗?我也不同意。You don’t agree with him, do you? I don’t either.
  80. 他辞职了,因为他不能承受压力。He quit because he couldn’t handle the pressure.
  81. 他因为压力而辞职了。He quit because of the pressure.
  82. 他死于癌症。He died from cancer.
  83. 这本书讲的是古代中国。This book is about ancient China.
  84. 我住在厦门,在中山路22号。I live in Xiamen, at 22 Zhongshan Rd.
  85. 他很擅长物理学。He is very good at physics.
  86. 他的职业是医生。He is a doctor by profession.
  87. 他不能用筷子吃饭。He can’t eat with chopsticks.
  88. 这把椅子是木制的,也是我父亲做的。This chair is made of wood, and was made by my father.
  89. 去年经济增长了一个百分点。The economy grew by 1 per cent last year.
  90. 我写论文有些困难。I had some difficulty in writing my thesis.(或I found it difficult to write my thesis.)
  91. 我为他做了很多。I did a lot for him.
  92. 我对他做的事情,感到很抱歉。I’m sorry about what I did to him.
  93. 过去几年来,我们取得了不少成就。We have achieved a lot over the past few years.
  94. 这件皮夹克花了他200美元。The leather jacket cost him $200 dollars.(或He spent $200 dollars on the leather jacket.)
  95. 完成这项任务我们要用一周时间。It will take us one week to complete this task.(或We will need one week to complete this task.)
  96. 我们假期从明天开始。Our holiday begins tomorrow.
  97. 我在收拾行李呢,明天要到北京去了。I’m packing now. I’m leaving for Beijing tomorrow.(或I’m packing now. I will leave for Beijing tomorrow.)
  98. 他告诉我他不来了。He told me that he would not come.
  99. 我认识他10年了。I have known him for ten years.
  100. 我们等了快一个小时了,但老师一直没来。We have been waiting for almost an hour, but the teacher still hasn’t arrived.
  101. 他们找杀手找了一个星期多。They have been looking for the killer for over a week.
  102. 他们说他们不久就来。They said they would be coming soon.
  103. 那本书不是他写的。The book was not written by him.
  104. 目前还没有作出决定。No decision has been made yet.
  105. 我如果有时间,肯定会陪你去博物馆。If I had time, I would certainly go with you to the museum.
  106. 我要是可以在两个星期之内学会弹钢琴,我就是天才了。If I could learn how to play the piano in two weeks, I would be a genius.
  107. 妈妈在这儿就好了。If only mum were here.(或I wish mum were here.)
  108. 我没有想到会那么容易。I never thought it would be that easy.
  109. 地球是圆的是事实。It is a fact that the Earth is round.
  110. 法国的首都是巴黎是常识。It is common knowledge that Paris is the capital of France.
  111. 很明显她怀孕。It is obvious that she is pregnant.
  112. 他今天没来上班很奇怪。It is strange that he didn’t show up for work today.
  113. 他有可能在说谎。It is possible that he is lying.
  114. 他好像生病了。It seems that he is sick.
  115. 据报道很多雇员会装病。It is reported that many employees pretend being sick.
  116. 我在找一所我家附近的学校。I am looking for a school which is close to my house.(或I am looking for a school that is close to my house.)
  117. 这是我看过的最好的一本书。This is the best book (that) I have ever read.
  118. 我上课迟到了,这让老师很生气。I was late for class, which made my teacher very angry.
  119. 我们在找一位新的老师,这可能让你感到很吃惊。We are looking for a new teacher, which may surprise you.
  120. 我们在找一位英文中文都会说的教师。We are looking for a teacher who can speak both English and Chinese.

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