375 Diseases, Disabilities and Disorders in English and Chinese

Since I kept having to add more and more diseases to 110 Diseases, Disabilities and Disorders in English and Chinese, I thought I’d make a separate post with 100 or so more diseases for readers who want a more comprehensive glossary. Enjoy!

 

375 Diseases, Disabilities and Disorders in English and Chinese

  1. Acne: 痤疮;挫疮;粉刺;青春痘
  2. Addiction: 成瘾
  3. ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, formerly ADD): 注意力不足过动症;注意力缺失症;多动症
  4. Agoraphobia: 广场恐惧症;恐旷症
  5. AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome): 艾滋病
  6. Albinism: 白化症
  7. Alcoholism: 酗酒
  8. Allergic rhinitis: 过敏性鼻炎
  9. Allergy: 过敏
  10. Altitude sickness: 高山症
  11. Alzheimer’s disease: 老年痴呆症;阿尔茨海默病
  12. Amenorrhea: 闭经
  13. Amnesia: 失忆症
  14. Anaemia: 贫血
  15. Androgenic alopecia (androgenetic alopecia; alopecia androgenetica; male pattern baldness): 雄激素源性脱发;雄性秃
  16. Andropause (male menopause): 男性更年期
  17. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS; Bechterew’s disease/syndrome); Marie-Strümpell disease): 强直性脊柱炎
  18. Anorexia nervosa: 神经性厌食症;厌食症
  19. Anthrax: 炭疽病
  20. Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD): 反社会型人格异常
  21. Anxiety disorder: 焦虑症
  22. Apert syndrome: 亚伯氏症
  23. Appendicitis: 阑尾炎;盲肠炎
  24. Arrhythmia: 心律失常;心律不整;心律不齐
  25. Arthritis: 关节炎
  26. Asperger syndrome: 亚斯伯格症候群
  27. Asthma: 哮喘;气喘
  28. Atherosclerosis (arteriosclerotic vascular disease; ASVD): 动脉粥样硬化
  29. Athlete’s foot: 脚气;香港脚;足癣;脚癣
  30. Autism: 自闭症
  31. Azoospermia: 无精子症;无精症
  32. Balanoposthitis (pizzle rot): 龟头包皮炎
  33. Baldness (hair loss; alopecia): 脱发;秃头;光头
  34. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH): 良性前列腺增生症
  35. Beriberi: 脚气病
  36. Binge eating disorder (BED): 过胖暴食症;暴食症
  37. Bipolar disorder (bipolar affective disorder; formerly manic depressive disorder): 躁郁症
  38. Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD): 身体变形性精神障碍
  39. Bone tumour: 骨肿瘤
  40. Borderline personality disorder (BPD): 边缘性人格障碍
  41. Bowel cancer (colorectal cancer): 大肠癌
  42. Brain tumour: 脑肿瘤
  43. Breast cancer: 乳癌
  44. Bronchiolitis: 细支气管炎
  45. Bronchitis: 支气管炎
  46. Brucellosis (Bang’s disease): 布鲁氏菌病
  47. Bruxism (grinding of the teeth): 磨牙症
  48. Bulimia nervosa: 神经性暴食症;暴食症
  49. Bunion (Hallux valgus): 拇趾外翻;拇外翻畸形
  50. Burns: 烧伤
  51. Bursitis: 黏液囊炎
  52. Cancer (malignant neoplasm): 癌症
  53. Cardiac dysrhythmia (arrhythmia): 心脏节律不整;心律不整
  54. Cardiomyopathy: 心肌病
  55. CardioVascular Disease (CVD): 心血管疾病
  56. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS): 腕隧道症候群;腕道症候群;腕管综合症;滑鼠手;钢琴家手
  57. Cat Scratch Disease (CSD; cat scratch fever; Teeny’s disease; inoculation lymphoreticulosis; subacute regional lymphadenitis): 猫抓病
  58. Cataracts: 白内障
  59. Cerebral haemorrhage: 脑溢血
  60. Cerebral palsy: 脑性麻痹
  61. Cervical cancer: 子宫颈癌
  62. Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis): 查加斯病
  63. Chickenpox (varicella): 水痘
  64. Childhood Absence Epilepsy (CAE; pyknolepsy): 儿童失神性癫痫
  65. Chlamydia trachomatis: 砂眼衣原体
  66. Chlamydia: 衣原菌;衣原体;披衣菌 (Taiwan)
  67. Cholecystitis: 胆囊炎
  68. Cholera: 霍亂
  69. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS): 慢性疲勞症候群
  70. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): 慢性肾脏病
  71. Chronic pain: 慢性疼痛
  72. Cirrhosis: 肝硬化
  73. Claustrophobia: 幽闭恐惧症
  74. Coeliac disease (gluten intolerance): 麸质不耐症;面筋不耐症
  75. Colitis: 结肠炎
  76. Common cold (nasopharyngitis): 普通感冒;伤风
  77. Compulsive overeating (food addiction): 强迫性暴食;食物成瘾
  78. Conjunctivitis (“pink eye”): 结膜炎;红眼病
  79. Coronary heart disease: 冠心病
  80. Cowpox: 牛痘
  81. Cradle cap (crusta lactea; milk crust; honeycomb disease; seborrhoeic eczema): 摇篮帽;头泥;脂溢性皮肤炎
  82. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: 克雅二氏病
  83. Crohn’s disease (regional enteritis): 克隆氏症;克罗恩病
  84. Croup (laryngotracheobronchitis): 义膜性喉炎;喉气管支气管炎;哮吼
  85. Cryptosporidiosis: 隐孢子虫病
  86. Cystic fibrosis (CF; mucoviscidosis): 囊肿性纤维化
  87. Dandruff: 头皮屑
  88. Deafness (hearing loss; hearing impairment): 聋;听觉障碍
  89. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT): 深静脉血栓
  90. Dehydration: 脱水
  91. Delirium (acute confusional state): 谵妄
  92. Dementia: 痴呆症;失智
  93. Dengue fever: 骨痛热症;登革热
  94. Dental cavity; tooth decay: 蛀牙
  95. Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD; asthenic personality disorder): 依赖型人格障碍
  96. Depression: 抑郁症;忧郁症
  97. Dermatitis: 皮炎
  98. Dermatophytosis (tinea; ringworm): 癣
  99. Diabetes: 糖尿病
  100. Diphtheria: 白喉
  101. Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID; “multiple personalities”): 解离性人格疾患;人格分裂
  102. Diverticulitis: 憩室炎
  103. Down syndrome (Down’s syndrome; trisomy 21): 唐氏综合症;唐氏症
  104. Dwarfism: 侏儒症
  105. Dysentery: 痢疾
  106. Dyslexia: 失读症;诵读障碍;阅读障碍
  107. Ear infection (otitis): 耳炎
  108. Eating disorder: 进食障碍;摄食障碍;饮食紊乱
  109. Ebola virus disease (EVD): 埃博拉病毒
  110. Eczema: 湿疹
  111. Emphysema: 肺气肿
  112. Encephalitis: 脑炎
  113. Endometriosis: 子宫内膜异位症
  114. Epididymitis: 附睾炎
  115. Epiglottitis: 会厌炎
  116. Epilepsy: 癫痫症;羊痫;羊痫疯;羊角风
  117. Erectile dysfunction (impotence; male impotency): 勃起功能障碍
  118. Exhibitionism: 暴露癖
  119. Failure to thrive: 未能茁壮成长
  120. Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF): 家族性地中海热
  121. Fibromyalgia (FM; FMS; fibromyalgia syndrome): 纤维肌痛
  122. Food poisoning: 食物中毒
  123. Fungal infection (mycosis): 霉菌病;真菌病
  124. Gallstone: 胆石
  125. Gangrene: 坏疽
  126. Gastritis: 胃炎
  127. Gastroenteritis (gastro): 胃肠炎
  128. Gastroesophageal reflux disease: 胃食管反流病;胃食道逆流
  129. Gender Identity Disorder (GID): 性别认同障碍
  130. Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD): 广泛性焦虑症
  131. Genital warts (condyloma acuminatum; venereal warts; anal warts; anogenital warts): 尖锐湿疣;生殖器湿疣;尖圭湿尤;菜花 (Taiwan)
  132. Gingivitis: 牙龈炎
  133. Glandular fever (infectious mononucleosis): 傳染性單核白血球增多症;淋巴腺热;腺热病
  134. Glaucoma: 青光眼
  135. Goitre (goiter): 甲状腺肿
  136. Golden staph infection: 金黄色葡萄球菌
  137. Gonorrhoea: 淋病
  138. Gout: 痛风
  139. Graves’ disease: 弥漫性毒性甲状腺肿
  140. Gum disease: 齿龈病
  141. Gynecomastia: 男性乳房发育症
  142. Haemophilia: 血友病
  143. Haemophilus influenzae (Pfeiffer’s bacillus; Bacillus influenzae): 流感嗜血杆菌
  144. Haemorrhoids (“piles”): 痔疮
  145. Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD): 手足口病
  146. Hay fever: 枯草热;花粉症
  147. Head lice (pediculosis): 头虱
  148. Heart attack (myocardial infarction): 心脏病发作 ;心肌梗死;心肌梗塞 (Taiwan)
  149. Heart disease: 心脏病
  150. Heart Failure (HF): 心衰竭
  151. Heat stroke (sunstroke): 中暑
  152. Heel pain: 跟痛症
  153. Hematocele: 积血
  154. Henipavirus (Hendra virus; Nipah virus): 立百病毒
  155. Hepatitis A: 甲型肝炎
  156. Hepatitis B: 乙型肝炎
  157. Hepatitis C: 丙型肝炎
  158. Hepatitis D: 丁型肝炎
  159. Hepatitis E: 戊型肝炎
  160. Hepatitis: 肝炎
  161. Hernia: 疝气
  162. Herpes simplex: 单纯疱疹;单纯疱疹病毒
  163. Herpes zoster (shingles): 带状疱疹
  164. Herpes: 疱疹
  165. Hirschsprung’s disease: 先天性巨结肠症;赫希施普龙氏病
  166. Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD): 戏剧化人格违常
  167. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus): 人类免疫缺陷病毒
  168. HPV (Human Papillomavirus): 人类乳突病毒
  169. Huntington’s disease: 亨丁顿舞蹈症
  170. Hurler syndrome: 胡尔勒综合征
  171. Hydrocele: 鞘膜积液
  172. Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar): 高血糖
  173. Hyperkalemia (high potassium): 高钾血症
  174. Hyperopia (farsightedness; longsightedness): 远视
  175. Hypertension (high blood pressure): 高血压
  176. Hyperthyroidism: 甲亢;甲状腺功能亢进症
  177. Hypoglycaemia: 低血糖
  178. Hypotension (low blood pressure): 低血压
  179. Hypothermia: 低体温症
  180. Hypothyroidism: 甲状腺功能减退症
  181. Ichthyosis: 鱼鳞病
  182. Impetigo (school sores): 脓疱疮;脓痂疹
  183. Infertility: 不孕
  184. Influenza: 流行性感冒;流感
  185. Intussusception: 肠套叠
  186. Inverted follicular keratosis: 毛囊角化症
  187. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): 肠易激综合征;肠燥症
  188. Irritant diaper dermatitis (diaper dermatitis; diaper rash; nappy rash): 尿布疹
  189. Ischaemic Heart Disease (IHD; myocardial ischaemia): 缺血性心脏病
  190. Japanese encephalitis: 日本脑炎
  191. Jaundice: 黄疸病
  192. Juvenile diabetes: 青少年糖尿病
  193. Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA): 幼年特发性关节炎
  194. KeratoConjunctivitis Sicca (KCS; keratitis sicca; xerophthalmia; Dry Eye Syndrome; DES; eye dryness; dry eye): 干眼症
  195. Kidney stone: 肾石
  196. Kleptomania: 盗窃狂症;盗窃癖
  197. Kuru: 库鲁病
  198. Kwashiorkor: 夸休可尔症
  199. Lactose tolerance (lactase deficiency; hypolactasia): 乳糖不耐症;乳糖消化不良;乳糖吸收不良
  200. Lassa fever (Lassa Hemorrhagic Fever; LHF): 拉萨热
  201. Lead poisoning (plumbism; colica Pictonum; saturnism; Devon colic; painter’s colic): 铅中毒
  202. Learning disability: 学习障碍
  203. Leishmaniasis: 利什曼病
  204. Leprosy (Hansen’s disease): 麻风病;癞病
  205. Leptospirosis (Weil’s disease; canicola fever): 钩端螺旋体病;鈎体病
  206. Leukaemia: 白血病
  207. Lockjaw: 牙关紧闭症
  208. Ludwig’s angina: 鲁特维格氏咽峡炎
  209. Lung cancer: 肺癌
  210. Lupus (lupus erythematosus): 红斑性狼疮
  211. Lyme disease: 莱姆病
  212. Lymphoma: 淋巴瘤
  213. Mad-cow disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy): 疯牛病;狂牛症
  214. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; clinical depression; unipolar depression): 重性抑郁障碍
  215. Malaria: 疟疾;疟子 (dated)
  216. Male infertility: 男性不育症
  217. Malnutrition: 营养不良
  218. Measles: 麻疹
  219. Megalomania: 自大狂
  220. Melancholia (lugubriousness; moroseness): 忧郁
  221. Melanoma: 黑色素瘤
  222. Melena: 黑便
  223. Meningitis: 脑膜炎
  224. Meningococcal disease: 脑膜炎球菌病
  225. Menopause: 更年期
  226. Mental Retardation (MR): 智能障碍;智力障碍
  227. Mesothelioma: 间皮瘤
  228. Metastasis: 远端转移
  229. Miliaria (sweat rash; prickly heat): 痱子
  230. Miscarriage (spontaneous abortion): 流产
  231. Mood disorder: 情感障碍
  232. Mouth ulcer: 口疮;口腔溃疡
  233. Mucus in stool: 粘液大便
  234. Multiple myeloma: 多发性骨髓瘤
  235. Multiple Sclerosis (MS): 多发性硬化症
  236. Mumps: 腮腺炎
  237. Muscular dystrophy: 肌肉萎缩症
  238. Myopia (nearsightedness; shortsightedness): 近视
  239. Nail biting: 咬甲癖
  240. Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD): 自恋型人格障碍
  241. Narcolepsy: 发作性嗜睡病
  242. Nasal polyp: 鼻息肉
  243. Nerve compression syndrome: 神经卡压综合征
  244. Nettle rash (urticaria; hives): 荨麻疹;风团;风疹块;鬼风疙瘩
  245. Night terror: 夜惊
  246. Obesity: 肥胖
  247. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): 强迫症
  248. Oligospermia: 少精症
  249. Onchocerciasis (“river blindness”): 盘尾丝虫病
  250. Orchitis: 睾丸炎
  251. Osteoarthritis: 退化性关节炎
  252. Osteomyelitis: 骨髓炎
  253. Osteoporosis: 骨质疏松症
  254. Otitis externa (external otitis; swimmer’s ear): 外耳炎
  255. Otitis media (middle ear infection): 中耳炎
  256. Overnutrition: 营养过剩
  257. Pancreatitis: 胰腺炎;胰脏炎
  258. Panic attack: 恐慌发作
  259. Panic disorder: 恐慌症
  260. Paratyphoid fever (enteric fever): 副伤寒
  261. Parkinson’s disease: 帕金森综合症
  262. Paronychia: 甲沟炎
  263. Pébrine: 微粒子病
  264. Pemphigoid: 性类天疱疮
  265. Pemphigus: 天疱疮
  266. Penile cancer (carcinoma of the penis): 阴茎癌
  267. Pharyngitis (sore throat): 咽炎
  268. Phenylketonuria (PKU): 苯丙酮尿症
  269. Phimosis: 包茎
  270. Phobia: 恐怖症
  271. Pica: 异食癖
  272. Pilonidal disease (pilonidal cyst): 藏毛性疾病
  273. Plague: 瘟疫
  274. Pneumoconiosis (black lung): 肺塵病或尘肺病;稱黑肺症;稱尘肺
  275. Pneumonia: 肺炎
  276. Pneumothorax: 气胸
  277. Polio (poliomyelitis; infantile paralysis): 小儿麻痹
  278. Porphyria: 紫质症
  279. PostOrgasmic Illness Syndrome (POIS): 性高潮后病情症候群
  280. PostTraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): 创伤后心理压力紧张综合症;创伤后压力症
  281. Premature birth: 早产
  282. Premature ejaculation: 早泄
  283. Presbyopia: 老花
  284. Priapism: 阴茎异常勃起
  285. Problem gambling (ludomania): 问题赌博
  286. Prostate cancer: 前列腺癌
  287. Prostatitis: 前列腺炎
  288. Psittacosis: 鹦鹉热
  289. Psoriasis: 牛皮癬;干癣
  290. Psychosis: 思觉失调
  291. Pubic lice (crab lice; “crabs”): 阴虱
  292. Pulmonary embolism: 肺栓塞
  293. purging disorder: 清除障碍;排泄紊乱
  294. Q fever: Q热;Q型流感
  295. Rabies: 狂犬病
  296. Renal failure: 肾功能衰竭
  297. Repetitive strain injury (RSI): 重复使力伤害;重复性劳损
  298. Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS; Willis-Ekbom disease): 睡眠脚动症;睡眠肢动症;睡眠腿动症
  299. Rheumatic fever: 风湿热
  300. Rheumatism: 风湿病
  301. Rhinitis: 鼻炎
  302. Rickets: 佝偻病
  303. Rosacea: 酒渣鼻
  304. Rotavirus: 轮状病毒
  305. Rubella (German measles): 德国麻疹
  306. Rumination syndrome (merycism): 反刍综合征
  307. Salmonella: 沙门氏菌
  308. Scabies: 疥疮
  309. Scarlet fever: 猩红热
  310. Schistosomiasis (bilharzia; bilharziasis; snail fever): 血吸虫病
  311. Schizoaffective disorder: 分裂情感性障碍
  312. Schizoid personality disorder (SPD): 类精神分裂型人格违常
  313. Schizophrenia: 精神分裂症
  314. Sciatica (sciatic neuritis; sciatic neuralgia; lumbar radiculopathy): 坐骨神经痛
  315. Scurvy: 坏血病
  316. Sepsis (septicemia): 败血症
  317. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS): 严重急性呼吸系统综合症;萨斯病;非典
  318. Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD; sexually transmitted infection; STI; veneral disease; VD): 性病;花柳病
  319. Shigellosis: 志贺氏菌病
  320. Sickle-cell disease (sickle-cell anemia): 镰刀型红血球疾病
  321. Silicosis: 矽肺
  322. Sinusitis (rhinosinusitis): 鼻窦炎
  323. Skin cancer (skin neoplasm): 皮肤癌
  324. Sleep apnoea: 睡眠呼吸暂停
  325. Sleep disorder: 睡眠障碍
  326. Sleepwalking (somnambulism): 梦游症
  327. Slipped disc (spinal disc herniation; prolapsus disci intervertebralis): 腰椎间盘突出
  328. Smallpox: 天花病毒
  329. Snoring: 打呼噜
  330. Somatization disorder (Briquet’s disorder): 躯体化失调
  331. Spermatocele: 精液囊肿
  332. Spina bifida: 脊柱裂
  333. Stomach flu (gastroenteritis): 肠胃炎
  334. Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus): 肺炎链球菌
  335. Stroke: 中风
  336. Stuttering (stammering): 口吃;结巴
  337. Stye (hordeolum): 針眼;偷针眼;麦粒肿
  338. Subfertility: 辅助生育
  339. Substance abuse (drug abuse): 滥用药物
  340. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS): 婴儿猝死症
  341. Sunburn: 晒斑
  342. Swine flu (swine influenza virus): 食用猪流感;猪流感
  343. Synovitis: 滑膜炎
  344. Syphilis: 梅毒
  345. Tapeworm infection: 绦虫感染
  346. Tay-Sachs disease: 家族性黑蒙性白痴
  347. TemporoMandibular Joint Disorder (TMJD; TMD; TMJ syndrome): 颞腭关节症候群;颞颌关节病症
  348. Tennis elbow: 网球肘
  349. Testicular cancer: 睾丸癌
  350. Tetanus: 破伤风
  351. Throat cancer: 喉癌
  352. Thrush (candidiasis; yeast infection): 念珠菌症
  353. Tinea cruris (crotch itch; eczema marginatum; jock itch; ringworm of the groin): 股癣
  354. Tonsillitis: 扁桃体炎;扁桃腺炎
  355. Toothache: 牙痛
  356. Torticollis (wryneck): 斜颈
  357. Tourette syndrome: 图雷特氏综合症;妥瑞症
  358. Toxic shock syndrome: 中毒性休克综合征
  359. Trachoma (granular conjunctivitis; Egyptian ophthalmia): 沙眼/砂眼
  360. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI; intracranial injury): 创伤性脑损伤
  361. Trichomoniasis (trich): 滴虫病
  362. Trigeminal neuralgia (TN; TGN; prosopalgia; suicide disease; Fothergill’s disease; tic douloureux): 三叉神经痛症
  363. Trisomy: 染色体三倍体症
  364. Tuberculosis (TB): 肺结核
  365. Tularemia (Goblin fever; deer-fly fever): 兔热病
  366. Typhoid fever (typhoid): 伤寒症
  367. Typhus: 斑疹伤寒
  368. Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URT; URTI): 上呼吸道感染
  369. Uremia: 尿毒症
  370. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): 泌尿道感染
  371. Varicose veins: 静脉曲张
  372. Vertigo: 眩晕症
  373. Vitiligo: 白癜风
  374. Whooping cough (pertussis): 百日咳
  375. Yellow fever: 黄热病

27 Comments to "375 Diseases, Disabilities and Disorders in English and Chinese"

  1. Eva's Gravatar Eva
    03/06/2012 - 10:04 pm | Permalink

    Hi, Carl, it’s really a wonderful site for language learners. You’ve done a great job!
    btw, for No.44, I think it’s 麦胶(gluten)不适症instead of 乳糖不适症:)

  2. 18/02/2013 - 2:25 pm | Permalink

    I’ve written a computer program with a similar intent. If you get a chance, take a look at it: http://www.warrengoff.com/EnglishChinese/Help.htm. My problem is that I speak very little Chinese and I translated everything using Google. It asks all of the medical questions in Mandarin using a speech engine which I concocted. I could sure use some help verifying the information. The way it works is the English questions are translated into Simplified which is then convered into numbered pinyin. There are 3 separate files and the program can only pronouce the pinyin. It is open source and free to do with as you wish. I’ve just finished sorting and separating your entire list and converting to numbered pinyin. I will likely add this feature (Your list) to the program. I’m going to look over your symptoms list also

    …Thanks

    …Warren

    PS. I’m a doctor.

  3. Wei Huang's Gravatar Wei Huang
    08/02/2017 - 11:54 pm | Permalink

    Thank you very much for making these glossaries.
    Wish you all the best.

  4. Jerry's Gravatar Jerry
    29/03/2017 - 6:54 am | Permalink

    How about adding diseases such as ALS, Ebola, and Zika?

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